Aquilonia is the "Mightiest kingdom of the West" in the Hyborian World. It is one of the so-called Hyborian kingdoms, realms created by the Hyborian tribes which once invaded the area from the frozen north. Initially the Aquilonians worshiped the ancestral god of the Hyborians, Bori (or Borri). By the time of Conan, they were instead monotheistic worshippers of Mitra. 
Aquilonia has an advanced economy for its era, aided by the fertility of its land and by trade through the so-called Road of Kings. The latter being the main east-west trade route of the Hyborian Age. The profits from commerce have allowed the country to maintain one of the largest and better-organized military forces in the known world. It is often viewed as an empire instead of a kingdom. The imperial troops are known as the Black Legions due to the color of their armor. The personal guard of the king forms an elite unit, known as the Black Dragons. 
The capital city is Tarantia. Aquilonia includes several provinces and regions of diverse culture and historical background. Attalus in the southeast is one of its major commercial centers and a stronghold of the aristocracy. Poitain in the far south is a fertile land of meadowlands and plains. Gunderland to the far north is a woodland with a climate similar to its neighor, Cimmeria. The Bossonian marches in the west used to be the traditional border area, and long wars with the Picts have left their cultural marks. The Westermarck is a recently-settled western frontier and unstable due to frequent conflicts with the native population. 
The Gundermen maintain a regional identity and have kept some primitive elements of Hyborian culture. Their warrior culture makes them outstanding soldiers. Gundermen pikemen and spearmen form the backbone of the Aquilonian army, and serve in mercenary forces across the Hyborian world.  The Bossonians train their lads to become master archers. The mainstream Aquilonians either serve in the country's strong infantry or in its heavily-armed cavalry. 
During the lifetime of Conan, the privileges of the nobility have created a shortage of farmland. The nobles have used the right to claim otherwise fertile land as part of their private hynting grounds. In combination with the rising population of the country, this trend has left many peasants with no land to tend to. This has in turn led to the ongoing efforts of the state towards westerm expansion and colonization of Pictland. Unsurprisingly, the Picts have repeatedly attempted to drive settlers away and reclaim their hereditary lands. Making border wars a recurring event. 
Conan the Cimmerian claimed the throne for himself during a civil war. His Queen consort Zenobia is a Nemedian. Their children include the heir Prince Conn, Princess Radebund, and Prince Taurus. Publius serves as Conan's chief councilor, Trocero, Count of Poitain as seneschal, Prospero of Poitain as de facto right-hand-man, Alcemides as the court philosopher, Dexitheus as High Priest, and Pallantides as commander of the Black Dragons. 
Points of Interest
Conan; Zenobia; Conn
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