Batman: The Animated Series
Also known as The Adventures of Batman & Robin (1993–1995)
Genre Superhero
Science fiction
Format Animated series
Created by
Developed by
Written by Paul Dini
Michael Reaves
Randy Rogel
Steve Perry
Brynne Stephens
Sean Catherine Derek
Alan Burnett
Laren Bright
Voices of Kevin Conroy[1]
Efrem Zimbalist
Bob Hastings
Robert Costanzo
Loren Lester
Mark Hamill
Arleen Sorkin
Theme music composer Danny Elfman
Composer(s) Shirley Walker
Harvey Cohen
Lolita Ritmanis
Michael McCuistion
Stuart Balcomb
Richard Bronskill
Carl Johnson
Kristopher Carter
Carlos Rodriguez
Wayne Coster
Country of origin United States
No. of seasons 2 (by production order)
4 (by original airdates)
No. of episodes 85 (List of episodes)
Executive producer(s) Jean MacCurdy
Tom Ruegger
Producer(s) Alan Burnett
Paul Dini
Eric Radomski
Bruce Timm
Running time 22 minutes
Original channel Fox
Original run September 5, 1992 (1992-09-05) – September 15, 1995 (1995-09-15)[2]
Followed by Superman: The Animated Series
The New Batman Adventures
External links

Batman: The Animated Series is an American animated television series based on the DC Comics superhero Batman. The series was produced by Warner Bros. Animation and originally aired on the Fox Network from September 5, 1992 to September 15, 1995.[2][3] The visual style of the series, dubbed "Dark Deco," was based on the Film noir artwork of producer and artist Eric Radomski, although Bruce Timm is often mistakenly given credit for this due to the fact that the characters were based on his designs. However, the Gothic backgrounds, the look and feel of Gotham City, were based on the initial designs lain out by Radomski.[4] The series was widely praised for its thematic complexity, dark tone, artistic quality, and faithfulness to its title character's crime-fighting origins.[5][6] The series also won four Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Animated Program.[7][8]

When the first season of the series aired on weekday afternoons, it lacked an on-screen title in the opening theme sequence (for episode recaps shown at the beginning of the second half of two-part episodes, the narrator would simply say "Previously on Batman...").[9] When the series' timeslot was moved to weekends during its second season, it was given the on-screen title The Adventures of Batman & Robin.[10] The series was the first in the continuity of the shared DC animated universe, and spawned the theatrical film Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993). In 2013, TV Guide ranked Batman the Animated Series the seventh Greatest TV Cartoon of All Time.[11]


The series took influence from Tim Burton's live-action films Batman (1989) and Batman Returns (1992), and the acclaimed Superman theatrical cartoons produced by Fleischer Studios in the early 1940s.[12] In designing the series, Bruce Timm and Eric Radomski emulated Burton's films' "otherworldly timelessness", incorporating period features such as black-and-white title cards, police blimps (though no such thing existed, Timm has stated that he found it to fit the show's style) and a "vintage" color scheme with Film noir flourishes.[13] In addition, Radomski issued a standing order to the animation department that all backgrounds be painted using light colors on black paper (as opposed to the industry standard of dark colors on white paper).[13] The distinctive visual combination of "noir" imagery and Art Deco design was dubbed "Dark Deco" by the producers.[14]

The series initially took a variation of music written by Danny Elfman for the Burton films as its theme; later episodes of the series used a new theme with a similar style by Shirley Walker (Walker was occasionally Elfman's conductor for films on which they collaborated). The score of the series was influenced by Elfman and Walker's work on the Burton films, as well as music of 1940s film noir.

The series was more adult-oriented than previous superhero cartoons. It was the first such cartoon in years to depict outright physical violence against antagonists (though only one character was depicted as having been shot — Commissioner Gordon, in the episode "I Am the Night", is shown lying unconscious due to a gunshot wound he received offscreen) and one of the first animated shows in years to depict realistic firearms. First-time producers Timm and Radomski reportedly encountered resistance from studio executives, but the success of Burton's first film allowed the embryonic series to survive long enough to produce a pilot episode, "On Leather Wings", which, according to Timm, "got a lot of people off our backs".[13]

The series was also notable for its supporting cast — a number of well-known actors provided voices for various classic villains, most notably Mark Hamill (previously famous for his role as Luke Skywalker in the original Star Wars trilogy), who later found success in voice acting thanks to his "cheerfully deranged" portrayal of the Joker.[15] The recording sessions (under the supervision of voice director Andrea Romano) were recorded with the actors together in one studio (as opposed to industry standard of voice actors recording dialogue separately). This method would later be employed for all subsequent series in the DC animated universe.

One of the series' best-known innovations was the Joker's assistant, Harley Quinn, who became so popular that DC Comics later added her to mainstream Batman comic book continuity. The Penguin underwent change for the series; his appearance was remodeled after the version seen in Batman Returns (though still incorporating classic elements of the character), which was in production simultaneously with the series' first season. New life was also given to lesser-known characters for the series such as the Clock King. In addition, dramatic changes were made to villains such as Clayface and Mr. Freeze — the latter character, for example, was changed from a gimmicky Mad scientist to a tragic figure whose "frigid exterior [hid] a doomed love and vindictive fury".


Main article: List of Batman: The Animated Series episodes

Sixteen minutes of animated segments in the video game The Adventures of Batman & Robin for the Sega CD are sometimes referred to as a "lost episode" of the series.[16]


In order to complete the first season's 65 episodes, Warner Bros. contracted several different overseas animation houses. These studios included Spectrum Animation, Dong Yang Animation, Sunrise, Studio Junio, Blue Pencil, AKOM and TMS Entertainment.[17] TMS also animated the first season's opening theme sequence. AKOM was eventually fired due to its inconsistent animation in episodes such as "Cat Scratch Fever" and "Moon of the Wolf."

The 20 episodes of the second season were animated largely by Dong Yang, with the exception of three done by Studio Junio ("A Bullet for Bullock", "Avatar" and "Baby-Doll") and one done by Jade Animation ("The Terrible Trio").[17]


The show also featured numerous adaptations of various Batman comics stories over the years to when the show was produced. The following episodes were adaptations:

  • "The Cape and Cowl Conspiracy" was an adaptation of "The Cape and Cowl Death Trap!" from Detective Comics #450 August 1975, written by Elliot S. Maggin.
  • "The Strange Secret of Bruce Wayne" was based on the comic stories "The Dead Yet Live" and "I Am the Batman!" from Detective Comics #471 and #472, of August/September 1977 by Steve Englehart.
  • "Moon of the Wolf" is based on the comic story of the same name by writer Len Wein with art by Neal Adams, from Batman #255, April 1974.
  • "If You're So Smart, Why Aren't You Rich?" is a loose adaptation of "The Riddler!" from Detective Comics #140, October 1948.
  • "Off Balance" is a direct adaptation of "Batman: Into the Den of the Death-Dealers" of Detective Comics #411, May 1971 by Dennis O'Neil famous for the first appearance of the character Talia al Ghul.
  • Also a direct adaptation is the two-part episode "The Demon's Quest", based on "Daughter of the Demon" from Batman #232, June 1971, and "The Demon Lives Again" Batman #244, September 1972, also by Dennis O'Neil and Neal Adams. Famous for introducing one of Batman's deadlier foes; Ra's al Ghul, father of Talia.
  • The episode "The Laughing Fish" was based on three Batman comics, blended together; "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge" from Batman #251 September 1973 by Dennis O'Neil with art by Neal Adams, followed by "The Laughing Fish" and "Sign of the Joker!" from Detective Comics #475 and #476, of February/March 1978, both by writer Steve Englehart with art by Marshall Rogers. During a spotlight podcast from Comic-Con 2007, Paul Dini explained that the reason why the episode combined those stories was because the show's creators could not adapt them separately, because their content and thematic elements would not have been cleared by the censors.
  • Part 1 of "Robin's Reckoning" takes its cues from Detective Comics #38 June 1940.
  • The episode "Terror in the Skies" is loosely based on "Man-Bat Over Vegas", originally presented in Detective Comics #429, by Frank Robbins. The setting has been shifted from Las Vegas to Gotham Harbor, and in keeping with the family-friendly rating of the television show, She-Bat is not a vampire in the adaptation. The final line of the episode, "the nightmare's finally over", is similar to one of the final lines from the original comic, "Now Fran's vampire nightmare is about over".
  • "A Bullet for Bullock" is based on the comic of the same name from Detective Comics #651, October 1992, by Chuck Dixon.
  • The Feature film Mask of the Phantasm is also an adaptation. The film's flashbacks were inspired by "Batman: Year One", whereas the character of Andrea Beaumont and the storyline itself were modified from Mike Barr's story "Batman: Year Two", which ran in Detective Comics #575-578 in the late 1980s; the villain in the comics was named The Reaper.[18]
  • The episode "Almost Got 'Im" where Two-Face's strategy (strapping down Batman to a giant coin and flipping the coin in the air) was taken from the comic; World's Finest Comics #30, September 1947. In a back up tale both Batman and Robin were tied to a giant penny that was catapulted onto spikes by a lesser known villain the Penny Plunderer.
  • The episode "Appointment in Crime Alley" is based on "There Is No Hope in Crime Alley" from Detective Comics #457 (March 1976) by Dennis O'Neil and Dick Giordano.
  • The episode "Sideshow" is loosely based on "A Vow From the Grave" by Dennis O'Neil. This episode adapted the comic book story with the inclusion of a separate Killer Croc story.
  • The episode "Dreams in Darkness" is loosely based on "Batman: The Last Arkham" of Batman: Shadow of the Bat #1-4 by Alan Grant. This episode adapted the comic book story with the inclusion of the Scarecrow instead of Victor Zsasz and Dr. Bartholomew instead of Jeremiah Arkham.

Feature films

  • Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993) – based on The Animated Series, the film started production as a direct-to-video release, but was ultimately changed into a theatrical release.[19] Although the film was not a financial success upon its initial release, it earned widespread acclaim and has since become a commercial success through its various home video releases.[20]
  • Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero (1998) – a direct-to-video release, which was produced as a tie-in to the 1997 film Batman & Robin, but due to the poor reception of the live-action movie, SubZero's release was delayed until the following year.[21]
  • Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman(2003)  – a direct-to-video release based on the The New Batman Adventures.

Comic adaption and novelization

Main article: Batman Adventures

The Animated Series was accompanied by a tie-in comic book, The Batman Adventures, which followed the art style and continuity of The Animated Series instead of other Batman comic books. The Batman Adventures, through several format changes to reflect the changing world of the series and its spin-offs, outlasted the series itself by nearly a decade, finally being cancelled in 2004 to make way for the tie-in comic of the then-new, unrelated Batman animated series, The Batman.

There was also a short-lived series of tie-in novels, adapted from episodes of the series by science fiction author Geary Gravel. To achieve novel-length, Gravel combined several related episodes into a single storyline in each novel. The novels included:

  • Shadows of the Past ("Appointment in Crime Alley", "Robin's Reckoning" two-parter)
  • Dual to the Death ("Two-Face" two-parter, "Shadow of the Bat" two-parter)
  • The Dragon and the Bat ("Night of the Ninja", "Day of the Samurai")
  • Mask of the Phantasm (Batman: Mask of the Phantasm movie)


[[wikipedia:Image:BTASVillains.jpg|thumb|350px|right|From left to right: Mr. Freeze, Poison Ivy, the Penguin, the Joker, Harley Quinn, the Mad Hatter, the Riddler, Catwoman (and Isis) and Two-Face.|]] New villains such as Red Claw, Baby-Doll, Kyodai Ken, Tygrus and the Sewer King were invented for the series, but to little acclaim. On the other hand, the Joker's accomplice Harley Quinn, Gotham City police detective Renee Montoya and the vigilante Lock-Up achieved such popularity that they became characters in the comics. Older villains that were lesser known from the comics, such as Count Vertigo, the Mirror Man and the Clock King, were modified for the series in both appearance and personality. The series was also the first to suggest that Harvey Dent had a pre-existing dual personality before becoming Two-Face. This idea came from Alan Burnett, one of the series' producers and head writers.[22]

Aside from creating characters that crossed over into the main line of DC Comics, several of the series' reinterpretations were carried over as well. Mr. Freeze was revised in the comics to emulate the series' tragic story, the success of which actually compelled DC to bring the character back after "killing" him off some years earlier; Clayface was revised to be much more similar in appearance to his animated counterpart; and Two-Face's double-sided, black-and-white suit has become a common appearance for the character.

Bruce Wayne

One of the most noteworthy changes made in The Animated Series was the treatment of Batman's alter ego, Bruce Wayne. In nearly all other media, including the comics, television shows and films, Bruce deliberately plays up his image as a vacuous, self-absorbed and not-too-bright billionaire playboy.[23] In The Animated Series, his character is instead treated more seriously; he is assertive, extremely intelligent, and actively involved in the management of Wayne Enterprises, without jeopardizing his secret identity. For example: in the episode "Eternal Youth", Bruce is shown angrily ordering one of his directors to cancel a secret deal with a timber company in the Amazon rainforest. In addition, during the episode "Night of the Ninja", he revealed to reporter Summer Gleeson that he has some martial arts training, as the reporter previously researched that he once lived in Japan, though he later throws a fight with the ninja Kyodai Ken in front of Gleeson to disguise his prowess.

Kevin Conroy is notable for being the first person in animation to use two distinct voices to portray Bruce Wayne and Batman, which was his own idea.[24]

Dick Grayson

Another noteworthy change in the series was the redefining of the original Robin, Dick Grayson. While much of Dick's past remained the same, his Robin costume was updated to a more modern look of the 1990s (with short sleeves and long tights), exactly like Tim Drake's original Robin outfit, but with a non-italicized "R" symbol. In addition, Dick was given a more serious personality to match the tone of the series. The episode "Batgirl Returns" establishes that Dick and Barbara Gordon attend the same college and that they have a mutual romantic attraction to each other, but neither one knows that the other is secretly Robin and/or Batgirl, respectively. Their relationship is one of the plot elements of the film Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero.



Voice Actor Role
Kevin Conroy Bruce Wayne / Batman
Loren Lester Dick Grayson / Robin
Clive Revill Alfred Pennyworth (first three episodes in production order)
Efrem Zimbalist Alfred Pennyworth (rest of the series)
Bob Hastings Commissioner James Gordon
Robert Costanzo Detective Harvey Bullock
Melissa Gilbert Barbara Gordon / Batgirl

Supporting protagonists

Voice Actor Role
Ingrid Oliu Officer Renee Montoya (season one)
Liane Schirmer Officer Renee Montoya (season two)
Brock Peters Lucius Fox
Mari Devon Summer Gleeson
Diana Muldaur Dr. Leslie Thompkins
Lloyd Bochner Mayor Hamilton Hill
Marilu Henner Veronica Vreeland
William Sanderson Karl Rossum
Bill McKinney Jonah Hex
Julie Brown Zatanna
Adam West Simon Trent / The Gray Ghost


Voice Actor Role
Mark Hamill The Joker
Arleen Sorkin Dr. Harleen Quinzel / Harley Quinn
Paul Williams Oswald Cobblepot / The Penguin
Adrienne Barbeau Selina Kyle / Catwoman
Richard Moll Harvey Dent / Two-Face
John Glover Edward Nygma / The Riddler
Michael Ansara Dr. Victor Fries / Mr. Freeze
Diane Pershing Dr. Pamela Isley / Poison Ivy
Henry Silva Bane
David Warner Ra's al Ghul
Henry Polic II Dr. Jonathan Crane / The Scarecrow
Aron Kincaid Morgan / Killer Croc
Ron Perlman Matt Hagan / Clayface
Roddy McDowall Jervis Tetch / The Mad Hatter
Marc Singer Dr. Kirk Langstrom / Man-Bat
George Dzundza Arnold Wesker / The Ventriloquist

Supporting antagonists

Voice Actor Role
Ed Asner Roland Daggett
Jeff Bennett HARDAC
Ray Buktenica Hugo Strange
Michael Gross Lloyd Ventrix
Robert Ito Kyodai Ken / The Ninja
Alison LaPlaca Mary Dahl / Baby Doll
Joseph Maher Dr. Emile Dorian
Kate Mulgrew Red Claw
George Murdock Boss Biggis
Michael Pataki Sewer King
Alan Rachins Temple Fugate / The Clock King
Helen Slater Talia al Ghul
Steve Susskind Maximillian "Maxie" Zeus
John Vernon Rupert Thorne
Bruce Weitz Lyle Bolton / Lock-Up
Treat Williams Professor Milo
Michael York Count Vertigo


right|thumb|The Adventures of Batman & Robin, the on-screen title slide for season two. Batman: The Animated Series premiered on the Fox Network's children's block Fox Kids on September 5, 1992 and aired in that block during weekday afternoons at 4:30pm. In December, just three months after its debut, Fox also began airing episodes of the series on prime-time Sunday evenings, marking one of the few times a show created for Saturday Morning Television was scheduled for prime-time broadcast. However, the TV ratings fell short (as the show aired opposite the perennial favorite 60 Minutes), and the series was removed from this time slot in March 1993.

After the series produced its 65th episode (the minimum number necessary for a TV series to be successfully syndicated), Fox Network executives ordered a second season of 20 more episodes that was later reduced to airing weekly on Saturday mornings. The second season featured Robin more prominently and, as a result, was retitled The Adventures of Batman & Robin in the title credits; this run of episodes had two new opening sequences and ending credits. In total, Batman: The Animated Series reached 85 episodes before finishing its original run of episodes on September 15, 1995.

In 1997, following the end of Fox Kids' five-year exclusive broadcast contract, the series began airing in re-runs on the WB network's children's block Kids' WB, alongside Superman: The Animated Series, soon making a block-type show combining the two shows called The New Batman Superman Adventures.

Cartoon Network began airing re-runs of the series on March 2, 1998. From 1998 to 1999, the show was aired after Cartoon Network's action block Toonami, and then in 2000 it was aired on Toonami itself.

The show later began re-airing on September 30, 2007 on Toon Disney's Jetix lineup, again alongside Superman: The Animated Series (despite Warner Bros. being one of Disney's biggest competitors).

The show airs on Teletoon Retro (a Canadian broadcasting channel), debuting on January 8, 2010. The first 65 episodes were confirmed, with the first being "The Cat and Claw, Part 1". The show was scheduled to air on a weekly basis, airing at 7:00 AM, 6:00 PM, and midnight. All times are Eastern.[25]

The Hub started broadcasting the series on September 6, 2011. The network aired a 10-episode marathon of the series on July 20, 2012 to coincide with the theatrical release of The Dark Knight Rises and even created an animated version of one of the film's trailers, featuring Kevin Conroy and Adrienne Barbeau re-dubbing Batman and Catwoman's dialogue from the trailer.[26]

Critical reception

Batman: The Animated Series has been consistently ranked as one of the greatest animated television series ever made.[27][28][29] It has been highly praised for its sophistication, mature writing, voice acting, orchestrated soundtrack, artistic ambition, and faithfulness to its source material. In the 1992 year end issue, Entertainment Weekly ranked the series as one of the top television series of the year.[30]

In his reference book, Batman: The Complete History, Les Daniels described The Animated Series as coming "as close as any artistic statement has to defining the look of Batman for the 1990s."[31] Animation historian Charles Solomon gave the series a somewhat mixed assessment, commenting that "the dark, Art Deco-influenced backgrounds tended to eclipse the stiff animation and pedestrian storytelling" and concluding that the series "looked better in stills than it did on the screen."[32]

IGN listed The Animated Series as the best adaptation of Batman anywhere outside of comics,[1] the best comic book cartoon of all time,[6] and the second best animated series of all time (after The Simpsons).[33] Wizard magazine also ranked it #2 of the greatest animated television shows of all time (again after The Simpsons).[34] TV Guide ranked Batman: The Animated Series the seventh Greatest TV Cartoon of All Time.[35]


Due to the success of the series, many crew members went on to design and produce Superman: The Animated Series for The WB Network. During this time they created The New Batman Adventures, which featured the same streamlined animation style as Superman: The Animated Series, as well as numerous character re-designs from the original series despite taking place in the same continuity. The New Batman Adventures premiered in the fall of 1997 on The WB, airing alongside Superman: The Animated Series as part of an hour-long program titled The New Batman/Superman Adventures.

In 1999, a futuristic spin-off series titled Batman Beyond premiered on The WB, featuring a teenager named Terry McGinnis taking on the duties of Batman under the guidance of an elderly Bruce Wayne.[36] Then in 2001, the Justice League animated series premiered on Cartoon Network, featuring Batman as one of the founding members of the League. This was continued in 2004 by Justice League Unlimited, featuring a greatly expanded League.

The dramatic writing and stylized art of Batman: The Animated Series sets it apart from traditional comic book-based cartoons. It can be considered the dramatic equivalent of more adult-oriented cartoon shows like The Simpsons. For this reason the show's popularity (along with that of its various spin-offs) endures among older audiences and comic book fans.

The Lego minifigures of various Batman characters are more strongly based on the designs from Batman: The Animated Series than any other form of Batman media.[37] More precisely, the Joker, Two-Face, Poison Ivy, Mr. Freeze and Harley Quinn's minifigures seem to have identical costumes and faces to the characters from the series.

The dark atmosphere, mature themes, and even some of the voice cast from the series are heavily employed in the 2009 video game Batman: Arkham Asylum and its 2011 sequel, Batman: Arkham City.[38] Furthermore, Batman's design and costume in the series are featured as an alternate skin in Arkham City. It is available as Downloadable content or as an early unlock with a pre-order at GameStop and a valid membership to Power-Up Rewards.[39] There are also Animated-inspired alternate skins for Catwoman, Nightwing and Robin. The same darker themes were also featured in the 2013 prequel game Batman: Arkham Origins.


Annie Awards

  • 1992 - Best Animated Television Program (nominated)
  • 1994 - Best Achievement for Voice Acting - Mark Hamill (nominated)
  • 1994 - Best Animated Television Program (nominated)
  • 1994 - Best Individual Achievement for Creative Supervision in the Field of Animation - Bruce W. Timm and Eric Radomski (nominated)
  • 1994 - Best Individual Achievement for Story Contribution in the Field of Animation - Paul Dini (nominated)
  • 1995 - Best Animated Television Program (nominated)
  • 1995 - Best Individual Achievement for Music in the Field of Animation - Shirley Walker (nominated)

Primetime Emmy Awards

Daytime Emmy Awards

  • 1993 - Outstanding Writing in an Animated Program - Michael Reaves, Sean Catherine Derek, Martin Pasko and Paul Dini (WON)
  • 1993 - Outstanding Animated Program - Tom Ruegger, Eric Radomski, Frank Paur, Kevin Altieri, Alan Burnett, Jean MacCurdy, Bruce W. Timm and Boyd Kirkland (nominated)
  • 1993 - Outstanding Film Sound Editing - Russell Brower, Matt Thorne, Robert Hargreaves, Mark Keatts, Bob Lacivita, Jeff M. Sliney, Mike Dickeson, Thomas Milano and Aaron L. King (nominated)
  • 1993 - Outstanding Music Direction and Composition - Shirley Walker for "Feat of Clay Part, 2" (nominated)
  • 1993 - Outstanding Music Direction and Composition - Harvey Cohen for "Cat Scratch Fever" (nominated)
  • 1994 - Outstanding Animated Children's Program - Frank Paur, Jean MacCurdy, Tom Ruegger, Dan Riba, Eric Radomski, Bruce W. Timm and Alan Burnett (nominated)
  • 1994 - Outstanding Writing in an Animated Program - Brynne Stephens, Martin Pasko, Michael Reaves, Alan Burnett, Randy Rogel, Laren Bright and Paul Dini (nominated)
  • 1995 - Outstanding Film Sound Editing - Tom Maydeck, Robert Hargreaves, J.J. George, Mike Dickeson, Daryl B. Kell, Russell Brower, Matt Thorne, Mark Keatts and John Hegedes (nominated)
  • 1995 - Outstanding Music Direction and Composition - Shirley Walker (nominated)
  • 1996 - Outstanding Sound Mixing - Special Class - Harry Andronis, Matt Thorne and Tom Maydeck (nominated)
  • 1996 - Outstanding Music Direction and Composition - Shirley Walker and Harvey Cohen for "A Bullet For Bullock" (WON)
  • 1996 - Outstanding Sound Editing - Special Class - Robert Hargreaves, Matt Thorne, Russell Brower, Mike Dickeson, Bob Lacivita, Tom Maydeck, Mark Keatts, John Hegedes, Pat Rodman and Kelly Ann Foley (WON)

Saturn Awards

  • 1993 - Best Genre Television Series (nominated)

Young Artist Awards


This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Batman: The Animated Series.
The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Hey Kids Comics Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Batman: The Animated Series
File:BTAS Soundtrack.jpg
Soundtrack album by Shirley Walker, Lolita Ritmanis, Michael McCuistion, and Danny Elfman
Released December 16, 2008
Length 137 minutes
Label La La Land Records

Batman: The Animated Series featured a strong musical score written by several different composers throughout the course of the series. The main theme of the show, which was heard during the opening and ending credits of each episode, was composed by Danny Elfman. At first, Elfman turned down Bruce Timm's offer to compose the theme for the show and so Timm hired Shirley Walker to do so. However, Elfman later changed his mind and composed a variation of his 1989 Batman movie theme for the series. Walker's unused theme went on to become the main theme for the second season of the show, when the name was changed to The Adventures of Batman & Robin.[14]

In 1996, Walker won her first Daytime Emmy Award for her music direction of the episode "A Bullet for Bullock" (scored by Harvey R. Cohen). She would then go on to win another Daytime Emmy Award in the category of music-composition for Batman Beyond in 2001.[40]

Although at least twenty-four different composers worked on the series,[41] Walker, Lolita Ritmanis, and Michael McCuistion are regarded as the main contributors. After the series finished up in 1995, the three then went on to score Superman: The Animated Series (which also featured a theme by Walker) in 1996, The New Batman Adventures in 1997 and Batman Beyond in 1999. Television composer Kristopher Carter scored alongside Walker, Ritmanis, and McCuistion throughout the many DCAU series and later filled in for Walker after her death in 2006.


On December 16, 2008, La La Land Records announced the release of a soundtrack companion to Batman: The Animated Series on a two-disc CD set, which featured 11 episode scores (including those of "On Leather Wings", the "Two-Face" two-parter, "Joker's Favor" and "Perchance to Dream"). The release was limited to a pressing of 3000 copies, which sold quickly.[42] About one month after its release, the soundtrack set had sold over 2,500 copies. According to a spokesperson of La-La Land Records, the sold out status of the soundtrack "can only help as the label hopes to convince Warner Bros. to release more Batman: The Animated Series soundtracks."[43] Upon its release, the soundtrack received outstanding reviews.[44][45]

The 2008 soundtrack was re-released in July 2012, minus "Gotham City Overture" (a suite featuring Walker's themes from the series, some of which do not appear elsewhere on the album) and "Music Of The Bat 101" (a bonus track with Walker herself demonstrating the show's main music).[46] The re-release is a limited edition of 5000 units and can be purchased at the La La Land Records website.[47]

In July 2012, La La Land Records also released a four-disc CD set with a further 21 episode scores (including those of "Heart of Ice", the "Feat of Clay" two-parter, "Almost Got 'Im" and "The Laughing Fish"), titled Batman: The Animated Series – Original Soundtrack From The Warner Bros. Television Series, Volume Two.[48] Volume 2 is a limited edition release of 3500 units and can be purchased at the La La Land Records website.[49]

La La Land Records is planning to release a third volume, which will be the final volume to cover scores from the show's initial 65-episode production block.[50] Some scores from the initial 65 episodes are expected to remain unreleased.[51] La La Land Records then plans to move on to the later incarnations of the series (The Adventures of Batman and Robin and The New Batman Adventures), as well as Justice League, in the following years. A Superman: The Animated Series soundtrack has also been released as of January 2014.

Volume 1 track listing

Home media releases


United Kingdom

United States

Chinese Subtitled

Spanish Subtitled


Region 1

Warner Home Video has released Batman: The Animated Series on DVD in Region 1 in three volume box sets. A fourth volume containing all 24 episodes of The New Batman Adventures was also released and these episodes now also begin with the original Season 1 opening sequence, and also end with the standard final credits. Warner Home Video later released Batman: The Complete Animated Series, which features all episodes from both the original series and The New Batman Adventures, on DVD in Region 1. The set includes all features from the four individual volumes plus a bonus 17th disc with a new special feature and a 40 page Collector's book containing artwork.[14] The DVD was originally on sale for a limited time only and went out of print in January 2009. Warner Home Video then released a second printing of the DVD in May 2009, but withdrew the DVD in August 2009.

DVD Name Episode # Release Date Additional Information
Batman: The Animated Series – Volume 1 28 July 6, 2004
  • S01E01-28
  • Commentary on "On Leather Wings" and "Heart of Ice"
  • "The Dark Knight's First Night" Featurette
  • "Batman: The Legacy Continues" Featurette
  • Tour of the Batcave
  • Trailers
Batman: The Animated Series – Volume 2 28 January 25, 2005
  • S01E29-56
  • Commentary Tracks
  • Robin Rising Featurette
  • Gotham's Guardians Featurette
  • Voices of the Knight Featurette
Batman: The Animated Series – Volume 3 29 May 24, 2005
  • S01E57-65
  • S02E01-20 (The Adventures of Batman & Robin)
  • Audio and Video Commentaries
  • Extra Animated Cell 4"x6" In Some Sets
  • Gotham's New Knight — Featurette on Batgirl as Batman's Newest Ally
Batman: The Animated Series - Volume 4 24 December 6, 2005
  • All 24 episodes of The New Batman Adventures
  • Audio and Video Commentaries
Batman: The Complete Animated Series 109 November 4, 2008
  • All 85 episodes of Batman: The Animated Series
  • All 24 episodes of The New Batman Adventures
  • 40 page collector book

Region 2

Volumes 1 and 2 were released on DVD in the UK on October 10, 2005 (Volume 1) and August 21, 2006 (Volume 2). These DVD volumes are exclusive to the retail chain HMV in the United Kingdom.
On June 14, 2008, Volume 1 was re-released in the UK as a non-HMV exclusive, though both the artwork and the extras remain the same as the original HMV exclusive release.[179] Volume 2 was released in the same way on March 3, 2009.[180] As of 2012, Volumes 3 & 4 are availabile to buy with Regions 1 / 2 / 3 & 4 compatibility.

In Bulgaria, Volumes 1 and 2 were released in early 2006. Each disc was sold separately in amaray case. They were Regions 2 and 5.

Region 3

In China, the show was packaged into four different DVD volume sets just as it was done in Region 1. Volumes 1 and 2 were both released on February 28, 2005, while Volume 3 was released July 7, 2005 and Volume 4 was released February 17, 2006.[181]

Region 4

In Australia, Volume 1 was released on October 19, 2005.[182] Volumes and the boxset are available at websites like, and All four seasons are also available on the Australian iTunes Store.

Video games

Several video games based on the animated continuity were released during the 16-bit game-machine era, using the The Adventures of Batman & Robin second season branding. Konami developed a game for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), while Sega released versions of the game for the Sega Genesis/Mega Drive, Mega-CD and Game Gear. The SNES, Genesis/Mega Drive and Game Gear versions were side-scrolling action games, while the Mega-CD version featured a 3-D driving adventure. All of the games had art true to the series, while Sega's versions featured art elements directly from the show's creators.[183] The CD version has over 20 minutes of original animated footage comparable to the most well crafted episodes,[184] with the principal voice actors reprising their roles.

There was also a game made for the Game Boy based on the series and created around the same time. Developed and published by Konami, this game was distinctive upon the fact that it still used the earlier Batman: The Animated Series moniker instead of the The Adventures of Batman & Robin second season title given to the other games.

Though not directly related, the 2009 game Batman: Arkham Asylum features some of the old voice talent from Batman: The Animated Series reprising their roles, and the 2011 game Batman: Arkham City features this in addition to Batman, Robin, Nightwing, and Catwoman's costumes from the series as downloadable content.

See also



  1. 1.0 1.1 "Top 10 Comic to TV Adaptations". IGN. Retrieved August 15, 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1, Batman: The Animated Series - show overview.
  3. "A History of Batman on TV". IGN. Retrieved August 15, 2010. 
  4. "Batman: The Animated Series - Volume 1". DVD Talk. Retrieved August 16, 2010. 
  5. "Two-Face, Parts 1 and 2". The AV Club. Sava, Oliver. February 7, 2011. Accessed April 30, 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "The Greatest Comic Book Cartoons of All Time". IGN. January 26, 2007. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
  7. "Batman" (1992) - Awards. IMDB. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
  8. "Batman / Superman Awards on Toon Zone". Retrieved July 19, 2010. 
  9. YouTube, Batman: The Animated Series - opening.
  10. "Batman: The Animated Series - Volume 4". DVD Talk. Retrieved August 16, 2010. 
  11. TV Guide Magazine's 60 Greatest Cartoons of All Time
  12. Batman-On-Film, Batman: The Animated Series.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Bruce Timm and Eric Radomski, audio commentary for "On Leather Wings", Batman: The Animated Series, Warner Bros, Volume One box set DVD.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Batman: The Animated Series, an explanation of "Dark Deco". Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "btas" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "btas" defined multiple times with different content
  15. "An Interview With Mark Hamill". Animation World Magazine. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2007. 
  16. "Batman: The Lost "Episode"". Retrieved January 2, 2011. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Batman: The Animated Series - Filmography
  18. HBO. "HBO First Look: Batman Mask of the Phantasm." HBO (c. 1993). Part 1, Part 2.
  19. Bob Miller (June 1994). "Knight Vision". Comics Scene.
  20. Dini, Kidd, p.117
  21. Stomp Tokyo Video Reviews, Batman & Mr. Freeze: Subzero review.
  22. The World's Finest Online, interview with Alan Burnett.
  23. Fact Behind Fiction, Bruce Wayne biography.
  24. Murphy, Joel (2009-10-01). "One on One with Kevin Conroy". HoboTrashcan. 
  25. Teletoon Retro, TV Index.
  26. BTAS/TDKR trailer on The Hub, Web Video.
  27. "2. Batman: The Animated Series". Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  28. Serafino, Jason (January 13, 2012). "The 25 Best Animated Comic Book TV Shows Of All Time". Complex. Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  29. "Wizard Magazine's Top 100 cartoons list". May 24, 2008. Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  30. Batman, EW review.
  31. Daniels (1999), pg. 178
  32. Solomon, Charles (1994). The History of Animation: Enchanted Drawings. New York: Wings Books. p. 261. ISBN 0-517-11859-9. 
  33. "2. Batman: The Animated Series". IGN. News Corporation. 
  34. "Wizard Magazine's Top 100 cartoons list". Wizard. 
  35. TV Guide Magazine's 60 Greatest Cartoons of All Time
  36. "FOR YOUNG VIEWERS; Introducing an Old-Time Hero To a New Generation". New York Times. September 19, 2004. Retrieved August 12, 2010. 
  37. Lego, Batman Story.
  38. Batman: Arkham Asylum, game overview.
  39. "Pre Order Batman Arkham City". GameStop. Retrieved October 8, 2011. 
  40. Burlingame, Jon (December 4, 2006). "Composer Walker dies". Variety. Retrieved September 12, 2008. 
  41. [1]
  42. The World's Finest Online, soundtrack release.
  43. Spill, soundtrack overview.
  44. Music on Film, soundtrack review.
  45. Tomz Toyz - Blogspot, soundtrack review.
  46. La-La Records, soundtrack status.
  48. "La-La Land Records Announce Batman: The Animated Series Vol. 2 Soundtrack". Retrieved 27 July 2012. 
  52. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Batman [VHS"]. [[|]]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  53. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Fire and Ice [VHS"]. [[|]]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  54. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Batman's Greatest Villains [VHS"]. [[|]]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  55. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: the Dark Knight". [[|]]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  56. "Batman and Robin - Batman The Dark Knight". [[|]]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  57. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: a Fight to the Finish [VHS"]. [[|]]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  58. "Batman - the Animated Series: Mask of the Phantasm [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  59. "Batman - the Animated Series: Bumper Collection [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  60. "Batman and Robin Bumper Collection [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  61. "Batman - the Animated Series: Volume 1 [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  62. "Batman - the Animated Series: Volume 2 [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 20131. 
  63. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Robin [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  64. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: the Joker [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  65. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: the Riddler [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  66. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Two-Face [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  67. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: the Penguin [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  68. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Joker's Return [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  69. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin: Poison Ivy [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  70. "'Batman the Animated Series - the Legend Begins [VHS"]. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  71. "Batman, the animated series. International menace". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  72. "Batman Animated Series Collector's Edition (International Menace)". Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  73. "Batman, the animated series. Friends and foes". [[|]]. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  74. "Batman The Animated Series: Friends and Foes". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  75. "Batman, the animated series. The joker". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  76. "Batman The Animated Series: The Joker". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  77. "Batman, the animated series : the trials of Harvey Dent.". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  78. "The trials of Harvey Dent". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  79. "The trials of Harvey Dent". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  80. "Batman: The Animated Series-The Trials of Harvey Dent". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  81. "Partners". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  82. "Batman The Animated Series Collector's Edition: Partners". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  83. "Batman, the animated series. King and pawns". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  84. "Batman The Animated Series: Kings and Prawns". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  85. "Batman, the animated series. Super friends". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  86. "Batman The Animated Series: Super Friends". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  87. "Batman, the animated series. Cold fear". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  88. "Batman The Animated Series: Cold Fear". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  89. "Batman, the animated series. Mean streets". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  90. "Batman The Animated Series Collector's Edition: Mean Streets". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  91. "Batman, the animated series. Monsters". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  92. "Batman The Animated Series: Monsters". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  93. "Batman, the animated series. Monsters and mayhem". [[|]]. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  94. "Batman The Animated Series: Monsters and Mayhem". Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  95. "Batman, the animated series. Villians without costumes". [[|]]. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  96. "Batman The Animated Series: Villians Without Costumes". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  97. "Batman, the animated series. Scratches and other wounds". [[|]]. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  98. "Batman Animated Series Collector's Edition (Scratches and Other Wounds)". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  99. "Batman, the animated series. Fear and madness". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  100. "Batman The Animated Series: Fear and Madness". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  101. "Batman, the animated series. Cops and robbers". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  102. "Batman The Animated Series: Cops and Robbers". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  103. "Batman, the animated series. The cat and the claw". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  104. "Batman The Animated Series: The Cat and The Claw". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  105. "Batman, the animated series. Perceptions and reality". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  106. "Batman The Animated Series: Perceptions and Reality". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  107. "Batman, the animated series. Matters of the heart". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  108. "Batman The Animated Series: Matters of the Heart". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  109. "Batman, the animated series. Scared straight". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  110. "Batman The Animated Series: Scared Straight". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  111. "Batman, the animated series. Harley". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  112. "Batman The Animated Series: Harley". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  113. "Batman, the animated series. Villains". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  114. "Batman The Animated Series: Villians". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  115. "Batman, the animated series. Stir crazy". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  116. "Batman The Animated Series: Stir Crazy". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  117. "Batman, the animated series. A million laughs". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  118. "Batman The Animated Series: A Million Laughs". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  119. "Batman, the animated series. Animal acts". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  120. "Batman Animated Series Collector's Edition (Animal Acts)". Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  121. "Batman, the animated series. Body and soul". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  122. "Batman Animated Series Collector's Edition (Body and No Soul)". Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  123. "Batman, the animated series. Dreams and nightmares". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  124. "Batman Animated Series Collector's Edition (Dreams and Nightmares)". Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  125. "Batman, the animated series. Trio". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  126. 126.0 126.1 "atman Animated Series Collector's Edition (Trio)". Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  127. "Batman, the animated series. Batgirl". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  128. "Batman - Mask of the Phantasm [VHS (1993)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  129. "The Adventures of Batman & Robin : Robin". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  130. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Robin [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  131. "Adventure of Batman & Robin: The Riddler [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  132. "The Adventures of Batman & Robin : Two-face". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  133. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Two-Face [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  134. "The Adventures of Batman & Robin : the Joker". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  135. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin - The Joker (Animated) [VHS"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  136. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Joker [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  137. "The Adventures of Batman and Robin - Giftset 2 [VHS"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  138. "Batman & robin. Joker & robin". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  139. "Riddler Twoface 2pk W/Cards & Book [VHS"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  140. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Batman [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  141. "Batman : fire and ice". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  142. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Fire & Ice [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  143. "The Penguin". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  144. "The Penguin (The Adventures of Batman & Robin) [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  145. "Poison Ivy". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  146. "Adventures of Batman & Robin: Poison Ivy [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  147. "The Batman Superman Movie [VHS (1998)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  148. "The Batman Superman Movie [VHS (1998)"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  149. "Bctman & Mr, Freeze - Subzero [VHS (1998)"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  150. "Batman & Mr. Freeze - Subzero [VHS (1998)"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  151. "The legend begins". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  152. "Batman - The Animated Series - The Legend Begins [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  153. "Batman - The Animated Series - The Legend Begins [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  154. "Tales of the dark knight". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  155. "Batman - The Animated Series - Tales of the Dark Knight [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  156. "Batman, The Animated Series: Tales of the Dark Knight (1992)". Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  157. "Batman Video Collection (3pk)". Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  158. "Batman - The Animated Series - The Legend Begins/Justice League [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  159. "Batman Animated Collection (Sub Zero/Batman Beyond - The Movie/Mask of the Phantasm) [VHS (1998)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  160. "Batman the animated series. Out of the shadows". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  161. "Batman - The Animated Series - Out of the Shadows [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  162. "Batman: The animated Series Out Of The Shadows (1992)". Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  163. "Batman - Mystery of the Batwoman [VHS (2003)"]. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  164. "Batman - Mystery of the Batwoman [VHS (2003)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  165. "Batman, the animated series. Secrets of the caped crusader". [[|]]. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  166. "Batman Animated Series: Secrets of Caped Crusader [VHS"]. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  167. "Batman Animated - On Leather Wings and Heart Of Ice! - Chinese Sub-Titles!". Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  168. "Batman Animated - Feat Of Clay Part 1 and 2 - Chinese Sub-Titles". [[|]]. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  169. "Batman - It's Never Too Late and Joker's Favor - Chinese Sub-Titles". [[|]]. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  170. "Batman - The Cat And The Claw - Part 1 and 2 - Chinese Sub-Titles.". [[|]]. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  171. "Batman:Mask of the Phantasm (Spanish Edition) [VHS (1993)"]. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  172. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Robin [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  173. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Riddler [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  174. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Two-Face [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  175. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Joker [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  176. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Batman [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  177. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Fire & Ice [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  178. "Adv of Batman & Robin: Penguin [VHS (1992)"]. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  179. Amazon UK, Batman Animated Season 1.
  180. Amazon UK, Batman Animated Season 2.
  181. YESASIA, Region 3 DVD releases.
  182. ABC Shop, Region 4 DVD releases.
  183. IGN, The Adventures of Batman & Robin - Sega CD.
  184. Moby Games, The Adventures of Batman & Robin video game description.


  • Dini, P. and Kidd, C. Batman Animated, Perennial Currents, 1998. ISBN 0-06-107327-X

External links

Category:1992 American television series debuts Category:1995 American television series endings Category:1990s American animated television series Category:American action television series Category:Animated Batman television series Category:Batman: The Animated Series Category:American crime television series Category:DC animated universe Category:Emmy Award winning programs Category:English-language television programming Category:Fox network shows Category:Fox Kids Category:Kids WB original programs Category:Mystery television series Category:Superhero television programs Category:Warner Bros. Cartoons Category:Toonami Category:Works by Len Wein Category:Television series by Warner Bros. Television

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.