Frank King's Gasoline Alley and That Phoney Nickel (March 12, 1933)
|Current status / schedule||In syndication|
|Launch date||November 24, 1918|
|Syndicate(s)||Tribune Media Services|
Gasoline Alley is a comic strip created by Frank King and currently distributed by Tribune Media Services. First published November 24, 1918, it is the second longest running comic strip in the US (after The Katzenjammer Kids) and has received critical accolades for its influential innovations. In addition to inventive color and page design concepts, King introduced real-time continuity to comic strips by showing his characters as they grew to maturity and aged over generations.
The strip originated on the Chicago Tribune's black-and-white Sunday page, The Rectangle, where staff artists contributed one-shot panels, continuing plots or themes. One corner of The Rectangle introduced King's Gasoline Alley, where characters Walt, Doc, Avery, and Bill held weekly conversations about automobiles. This panel slowly gained recognition, and the daily comic strip began August 24, 1919 in the New York Daily News.
The early years were dominated by the character Walt Wallet. Tribune editor Joseph Patterson wanted to attract women to the strip by introducing a baby, but Walt was not married. That obstacle was avoided when Walt found a baby on his doorstep, as described by comics historian Don Markstein:
- After a couple of years, the Tribune's editor, Captain Joseph Patterson, whose influence would later have profound effects on such strips as Terry and the Pirates and Little Orphan Annie, decided the strip should have something to appeal to women, as well, and suggested King add a baby. Only problem was the main character, Walt Wallet, was a confirmed bachelor. On February 14, 1921, Walt found the necessary baby abandoned on his doorstep. That was the day Gasoline Alley entered history as the first comic strip in which the characters aged normally. (Hairbreadth Harry had grown up in his strip but stopped aging in his early 20s.) The baby, named Skeezix (cowboy slang for a motherless calf), grew up, fought in World War II, and is now a retired grandfather. Walt married after all, and had more children, who had children of their own. More characters entered the storyline on the periphery and some grew to occupy center stage.
Skeezix called his adopted father Uncle Walt. Unlike most comic strip children (like the Katzenjammer Kids or Little Orphan Annie) he did not remain a baby or even a little boy for long. He grew up to manhood, the first occasion where real time continually elapsed in a major comic strip over generations. By the time the United States entered World War II, Skeezix was a full-grown adult, courting girls and serving in the armed forces. He later married Nina Clock and had children. In the late 1960s, he faced a typical midlife crisis. Walt Wallet himself had married Phyllis Blossom and had other children, who grew up and had kids of their own. During the 1970s and 1980s, under Dick Moores' authorship, the characters briefly stopped aging. When Jim Scancarelli took over, the natural aging was restored.
The Sunday strip was launched October 24, 1920. The 1930s Sunday pages did not always employ traditional gags but often offered a gentle view of nature, imaginary daydreaming with expressive art or naturalistic views of small town life. Reviewing Peter Maresca and Chris Ware's Sundays with Walt and Skeezix (Sunday Press Books, 2007), comics critic Steve Duin quoted writer Jeet Heer:
- "Unlike the daily strips, which traced narratives that went on for many months, the Sunday pages almost always worked as discrete units," Heer writes. "Whereas the dailies allowed events to unfold, Sunday was the day to savor experiences and ruminate on life. It is in his Sunday pages that we find King showing his visual storytelling skills at their most developed: with sequences beautifully testifying to his love of nature, his feeling for artistic form, and his deeply felt response to life."
The strip is still published in newspapers in the 21st century. Walt Wallet is now well over a century old (114, as of January 5, 2014), while Skeezix has become a nonagenarian. Walt's wife Phyllis, age an estimated 105, died in the April 26, 2004 strip, leaving Walt a widower after nearly eight decades of marriage. Walt Wallet appeared as a guest at Blondie and Dagwood's anniversary party, and on Gasoline Alley's 90th anniversary Blondie, Beetle Bailey, Dennis the Menace, and Snuffy Smith each acknowledged the Gasoline Alley anniversary in their dialogue. Snuffy Smith presented a character crossover with Walt in the doorway of Snuffy's house where he was being welcomed and invited in by Snuffy. In May 2013 at the Cartoon retirement home Walt is at a dinner when Maggie's (of Bringing Up Father) pearl broach is stolen; Fearless Fosdick is his usual incompetent self trying to catch the thief; cameos include "retired" cartoons such as Lil' Abner; Smokey Stover; Pogo and Albert. There is even the appearance of an active cartoon character, Rex Morgan M.D.
First generation characters
- Walt Wallet
- Full name Walter Weatherby Wallet. Patriarch of the family. For many years he ran a successful company. He has been retired for years.
- Phyllis Blossom Wallet.
- Walt's wife. They married June 24, 1926. She died April 26, 2004.
- Walt's cranky neighbor, who drove an old car that started with a crank long after everyone else had bought a car with a starter. He died "off-stage."
- He also died "off-stage".
- He retired with a young woman on his arm, going off to a well-deserved retirement community. He died "off-stage".
- A rich and miserly man. He was long the villain of many stories. Since his death his reputation has been rehabilitated a little bit, and shown to have a better character than his nephew, Senator Bobble.
- He was the mechanic who fixed the cars
These characters break the strip's rule about aging with the calendar.
- Trashman. He drives a wagon drawn by a mule.
- A "good-for-not-much". He frequently accompanies Joel. He always has "kitty" hanging from the crook of his arm. He lives in a shack.
- Rufus' no-good brother. He is usually in jail.
- At one time mayor of the city.
Second generation characters
- Allison "Skeezix" Wallet
- After Walt, the central character of the strip. He was left on Walt's doorstep February 14, 1921. He was born February 9, 1921. He married Nina Clock on June 28th, 1944. For years he ran the Gasoline Alley Garage. Now he sometimes minds it when Clovia and Slim are away.
- Nina Clock Wallet
- Skeezix's wife.
- Corky Wallet
- Walt and Phyllis' son, born May 2, 1928. He married Hope Hassel on October 1, 1949. He runs a diner in a standalone building.
- Hope Hassel Wallet
- Corky's wife.
- Judy Wallet Grubb
- Left in Walt's car February 28, 1935. She married Gideon Grubb on May 4, 1961.
- Senator Bobble
- Pert's nephew. An example of a self-serving politician. When seen he is disliked and is often the villain of the current story.
- Frank King (1918–1959)
- Bill Perry (Sunday strips only, 1951–1975)
- Dick Moores (1956–1986)
- Jim Scancarelli (1986–present)
King was succeeded by his former assistants, with Bill Perry taking responsibility for Sunday strips in 1951 and Dick Moores, first hired in 1956, becoming sole writer and artist for the daily strip in 1959. When Perry retired in 1975, Moores took over the Sunday strips as well, combining the daily and Sunday stories into one continuity starting September 28, 1975. Moores died in 1986, and since then Gasoline Alley has been written and drawn by Scancarelli, former assistant to Moores.
The strip and King were recognized with the National Cartoonists Society's Humor Strip Award in 1957, 1973, 1980, 1981, 1982 and 1985. King received the 1958 Society's Reuben Award, and Moores received it in 1974. Scancarelli received the Society's Story Comic Strip Award in 1988. The strip received an NCS plaque for the year's best story strip in 1981, 1982 and 1983.
Examples of the Full page Sunday strip were printed in The Comic Strip Century (1995, reissued in 2004 as 100 Years of Comic Strips), edited by Bill Blackbeard, Dale Crain and James Vance. Moores' dailies and Sundays have appeared in Comics Revue monthly, as have the first Scancarelli strips. In 1995, the strip was one of 20 included in the Comic Strip Classics series of commemorative US postage stamps.
Frank King's Gasoline Alley Nostalgia Journal
In 2003, Spec Productions began a series of softcover collections, Frank King's Gasoline Alley Nostalgia Journal, reprinting the strip from the first Rectangle panel (November 24, 1918). To date, four volumes have appeared:
- Volume 1, November 24, 1918 to September 22, 1919
- Volume 2, September 23, 1919 to March 2, 1920
- Volume 3, March 3, 1920 to July 25, 1920
- Volume 4, July 26, 1920 to December 31, 1920
Walt and Skeezix
In 2005, the first of a series of reprint books, Walt and Skeezix, was published by Drawn and Quarterly and edited by Chris Ware. The first volume covers 1921–22, beginning several weeks before baby Skeezix appears. These reprint only the daily strips, with Sundays slated to appear in another series:
- Walt and Skeezix: Book One, 1921–22, ISBN 1-896597-64-5
- Walt and Skeezix: Book Two, 1923–24, ISBN 1-896597-99-8
- Walt and Skeezix: Book Three, 1925–26, ISBN 1-897299-09-5
- Walt and Skeezix: Book Four, 1927–28, ISBN 1-897299-39-7
- Walt and Skeezix: Book Five, 1929–30, ISBN 1-77046-031-4
In 2007, Sunday Press Books published Sundays with Walt and Skeezix, which collects early Sunday strips in the original size and color.
Moores' work on the strip was published in three different collections, all currently out of print, as well as being serialized in Comics Revue magazine:
- Gasoline Alley: Comic Art as Social Comment: Changing Life in America Over More Than Half a Century as Seen Through the Eyes of a Unique 'First Family', Avon/Flare, 1976. Introduction by Nat Hentoff, history of the strip with 1970s continuities. ISBN 0-380-00761-4
- The Smoke from Gasoline Alley, Sheed and Ward, 1976. ISBN 0-8362-0670-3
- Rover from Gasoline Alley, Blackthorne, 1985. Collects the strips introducing Slim and Clovia's adopted son Rover. ISBN 0-932629-00-8
On October 9, 2012, IDW Publishing published a hardback collection Gasoline Alley, Volume 1, collecting several years of the daily strip by Frank King and Dick Moores.
There were several radio adaptations. Gasoline Alley during the 1930s starred Bill Idelson as Skeezix with Jean Gillespie as Nina Clock. Jimmy McCallion was Skeezix in the series that ran on NBC from February 17 to April 11, 1941, continuing on the Blue Network from April 28 to May 9 of that same year. The 15-minute series aired weekdays at 5:30pm. Along with Nina (Janice Gilbert), the characters included Skeezix's boss Wumple (Cliff Soubier) and Ling Wee (Junius Matthews), a waiter in a Chinese restaurant. Charles Schenck directed the scripts by Kane Campbell.
The syndicated series of 1948–49 featured a cast of Bill Lipton, Mason Adams and Robert Dryden. Sponsored by Autolite, the program used opening theme music by the Polka Dots, a harmonica group. The 15-minute episodes focused on Skeezix running a gas station and garage, the Wallet and Bobble Garage, with his partner, Wilmer Bobble. In New York, this series aired on WOR from July 16, 1948 to January 7, 1949.
Gasoline Alley was adapted into two feature films, Gasoline Alley (1951) and Corky of Gasoline Alley (1951), replacing the Blondie film series which ended in 1950 with Beware of Blondie. The films starred Jimmy Lydon as Skeezix, known at that time for Life with Father (1947) and his earlier character of Henry Aldrich.
- Glowing Dial: Gasoline Alley: "The Adventure of Jealous Jessica" (1948-49)
- Radio America: Gasoline Alley, October 29, 1948.
- ↑ http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0831/p13s01-alar.html/%28page%29/2
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Markstein, Don. Toonopedia: Gasoline Alley
- ↑ Stiles, Steve. "On the Road with Gasoline Alley: A Cradle to Maturity Family Saga"
- ↑ Duin, Steve. "Sundays with Walt and Skeezix," Oregonian, August 5, 2007.
- ↑ "Gasoline Alley strip". 2014-01-05. http://www.gocomics.com/gasolinealley/2014/01/05. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Gardner, Alan. "Gasoline Alley Turns 90 Today." The Daily Cartoonist, November 24, 2008.
- ↑ NCS Awards
- ↑ Schwartz, Ben. "See You in the (Restored, Reprinted) Funny Papers", The New York Times, January 14, 2007.
- ↑ Gasoline Alley, Volume 1, Frank King and Dick Moores, ISBN 978-1613774403
- ↑ Dunning, John. On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-507678-8
- ↑ IMDb