|Genre||science fiction, horror, swashbuckling adventure|
|Founded||March 24, 1992|
|Key people||Jim Salicrup, EIC|
|Parent||Topps Company, Inc.|
Topps Comics was a division of Topps Company, Inc. that published comic books from 1993 to 1998, beginning its existence during a short comics-industry boom that attracted many investors and new companies. It was based at 254 36th Street, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, and at One Whitehall Street, in New York City's Manhattan.
The company specialized in licensed titles, particularly movie and television series tie-ins, such The X-Files, based on the Fox TV show, and the films Bram Stoker's Dracula and Jurassic Park. It also licensed such literary properties as Zorro, and published a smattering of original series, including Cadillacs and Dinosaurs and several based on concepts by then-retired industry legend Jack Kirby.
Topps entered the comic book market as the number of publishers was increasing, with at least nine other companies joining the field from 1990 to 1992. This coincided with an increase in comic-book market-speculation that created inflated sales and an eventual collapse of the market. Topps Comics closed in 1998.
The editor-in-chief and associate publisher was Jim Salicrup. Editors included Len Brown (co-creator of Topps' 1962 Mars Attacks cards), Howard Zimmerman, and Dwight Jon Zimmerman. The company's sales and promotions manager Charles S. Novinskie is listed as, additionally, a Topps Comics editor in his capsule biography at Non-Sport Update magazine. The company's design director, Brian Boerner, is listed as Reprint Editor (along with Charles S. Novinskie) in the Xena trade paperbacks' credits.
[W]hoever was approving the comics over in Chris Carter Land were the poster kids for anal retentiveness. Although it's possible that they were so picky because they never wanted the comics out there in the first place. The main reason the comics fell behind schedule was because it took so long to satisfy the X-Files people. They went over everything with a fine-tooth comb, including the letters columns. . . . I rarely ran negative letters in these columns because the [Topps] editors were afraid that the X-Files people would want even more changes in the material. Almost from the start, there were never enough usable letters for our needs. That's why I started including the 'Deep Postage' news items — and making up letters completely. I also wrote the Xena letters columns, but those were a lot easier to produce.
The "Kirbyverse" comics, launched simultaneously with April 1993 cover-dates, stemmed from character designs and story concepts that the prolific Kirby, at this very late point in his life, had in his files of unrealized projects and preliminary sketches (some for Pacific Comics, which went defunct in the 1980s). Topps licensed them for an eight-title, interrelated mythos based around what became Jack Kirby's Secret City Saga. That flagship title was written by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Roy Thomas, with an issue #0 Prequel drawn by artist Walt Simonson and the remainder of the series by Spider-Man co-creator Steve Ditko.
Kirby himself wrote and drew eight pages of the Satan's Six premiere, interlaced with story pages by writer Tony Isabella, penciler John Cleary and inker Armando Gil. Kirby's contribution may have been drawn in the 1970s, wrote one historian: "The 1970s was the flowering of Jack's interest in the paranormal. Freed from the restraints of more conservative collaborators, Jack delved into these themes with gusto. ... [He] developed 'Satan's Six' around this time, although it didn't see the light of day until the Topps Kirbyverse campaign in the 1990s." As well, the covers of the Bombast, Captain Glory, and NightGlider one-shot comics noted below were built around preexisting Kirby character designs.
Along with Secret City Saga and Satan's Six, the Kirbyverse titles were:
- Bombast, by plotter Thomas, scripter Gary Friedrich and artists Dick Ayers & John Severin
- Captain Glory, by writer Thomas and artist Ditko
- Jack Kirby's TeenAgents, by writer Kurt Busiek, penciler Neil Vokes, and inkers John Beatty and Jordi Ensign
- Jack Kirby's Silver Star, by writer Busiek, penciler James W. Fry III, and inker Terry Austin
- NightGlider, by plotter Thomas, scripter Gerry Conway, and artist Don Heck
- Victory, by writer Busiek, penciler Keith Giffen, and inker Jimmy Palmiotti
Kurt Busiek, in an undated interview, gave some background on the comics line:
Silver Star is a Jack Kirby character, originally done as a miniseries for Pacific [Comics]. Back when I was writing for the Topps Kirbyverse, I started two miniseries that were never completed, Victory and Silver Star, both of which got one issue published before the line collapsed. Victory was a crossover, bringing together all the established Kirbyverse characters and reintroducing Captain Victory [of the 1981-84 Pacific Comics series Captain Victory and the Galactic Rangers ] ... but Silver Star was a standalone project, one that was completely plotted and mostly scripted.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Bryant, Adam (March 27, 1992). "COMPANY NEWS; Topps to Start Publishing Comic Books". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/27/business/company-news-topps-to-start-publishing-comic-books.html?scp=2&sq=topps+comic+books&st=nyt. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Gabilliet, Jean-Paul; translated by Bart Beaty, Nick Nguyen (2009). "The Collapse of 1993-1996". Of Comics and Men: A Cultural History of American Comic Books. University Press of Mississippi. pp. 148–151. ISBN 978-1604732672.
- ↑ "Twilight at Topps". The Collected Jack Kirby Collector (TwoMorrows Publishing) 5: 149–152. 2006.
- ↑ "Who's Who at NSU", Non-Sport Update, n.d. WebCitation archive.
- ↑ Coville, Jamie (May 2000). "An Interview with Tony Isabella". Collector Times 5 (2). Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. http://www.collectortimes.com/2000_05/Clubhouse.html. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
- ↑ Knowles, Chris (December 1996). "The Kirby-Files: An Overview of Jack's Occult and Supernatural Themes". Jack Kirby Collector (13). Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. http://www.twomorrows.com/kirby/articles/13kirbyfiles.html.
- ↑ Sources disagree on its spelling, sometimes even within the same source: The cover of the single issue itself appears to spell it "NightGlider". The cover of Victory #1 likewise spells it as one word, though in an all-caps typeface. The Grand Comics Database entry spells it as both "Nightglider" and "Night Glider". The archived pulldown title-search menu at the Jack Kirby Museum site spells it "Night Glider"
- ↑ "20 Questions with Kurt Busiek". SlushFactory.com. undated. Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. http://www.slushfactory.com/features/interviews/kurtbusiek.shtml.
- ↑ "Tracy Kirby Interview". Jack Kirby Collector (28). April 2000. Archived from the original on April 24, 2011. http://twomorrows.com/kirby/articles/28tracy.html.
- "Jack Kirby: A By-the-Month Chronology: 1980-1995". MarvelMastworks.com, n.d. WebCitation archive.
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